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2009-08-19   

  【Geographic Location】

   

  Sitting from 106°07′ to '107°17east longitude and from 26°11to27°22 north latitude, Guiyang neighbors Wengan, Longli, Huishui, Changshun County of Qiannan Buyi and Miao Minority Autonomous Prefecture to the southeast, Pingba County of Anshunt Municipality and Zhijin County of Bijie Municipality to the west, Qianxi, Jinsha County of Bijie and Zunyi County of Zunyi Municipality in the north. Guiyang covers a total area of 8,034 square kilometers, accounting for 4.56 of the area of Guizhou Province.

  The urban districts of Guiyang (including Yunyan District, Nanming District and Xiaohe District) cover an area of 220.31 square kilometers, accounting for 1.97 of the total. Among them, Yunyan District lies in the north, covering an area of 67.5 square kilometers while Nanming District is in the south, covering an area of 89.68 square kilometers and Xiaohe District the south with an area of 63.13 square kilometers. Suburban districts (including Huangxi District, Wudang District and Baiyun District) have an area of 2194.5 square kilometers, 27.99% of the total. Among them, Huangxi District is located in the southwest of the city proper with an area of 957.6 square kilometers while Wudang District (including Guiyang National High-Tech Industry Development Zone) in the northeast and west, covering an area of 964.9 square kilometers and Baiyun District in the northwest with an area of 272 square kilometers.

   One city and three counties cover a total area of 5625.5 square kilometers, accounting for 70.04 of the total. Qingzhen city is in the west of Guiyang with an area of 1492 square kilometers, 18.58% of the total Xiuwen County lies in the north with an area of 1071 square kilometers, 13.33 of the total; Xifeng County lies in the north with an area of 1036.5 square kilometers, 12.91 of the total; Kaiyang County lies in the northeast with an area of 2026 square kilometers, 25.22of the total. 

  Historical Transformation】

  

  During the Spring and Autumn Period, Guiyang was originally under the jurisdiction of Zangke Country. In the period of Warring States, it was subordinate to Yelang State and then to Zangke Prefecture in the period of Western Han and Eastern Han dynasties. During the period of the Tang Dynasty, the central government set up Jimi Prefecture in the south of Wujiang River. At that time, Guiyang was subordinate to Ju Prefecture. In the period of the Song Dynasty, Guiyang was called Guizhou. In the 1st year of the reign of Xuanhe (1119), Ju Prefecture was renamed Guizhou. In the 17th year of Zhiyuan Reign of the Yuan Dynasty (1280), a prefecture office named Shunyuanlu Xuanfusi (meaning “consoling protocol department”)was set up and then the name was changed to Xuanweisi (meaning “comforting protocol department”) in the next year. In the 20th year (1283), a commanding department called zhangguansi was set up to administrate Shunyuanlu which was originally subordinate to Sichuan Province and then to Huguang Province. In the 29th year (1292), Departments of Shunyuan and Bafan were combined as one, and a Bafan-Shunyuan Department was set up with its marshal mansion house in Shunyuan City (that is the Guiyang City at present).

  In the 4th year of Hongwu Reign of the Ming Dynasty (1371), Xuanweisi Department was set up to administer Guizhou (Guiyang at present.) In the 6th year of Hongwu Reign of the Ming Dynasty (1373), Weizhihui Office (meaning Guards Commanding Office) was set up. In the 15th year of Hongwu Reign (1383), Duzhihui Office(meaning Military Governor’s Commanding Office) was set up to administrate 18 guard stations in Guizhou. In the 26th year Guizhou Forward Guard Station was set up. In the 11th year of Yongle Reign of the Ming Dynasty (1413), a Protocol Department of Political Deputy was set up, and then Guizhou was set up as a province and Guiyang became the center of policy, military, economy and culture. In the March of the 3rd year of Longqing Reign of the Ming Dynasty (1569), Chengfan Prefecture government was renamed as Guiyang Prefecture. In the 14th year of Wanli Reign of the Ming Dynasty (1586), Xingui County was set up, subordinate to Guiyang Prefecture. In the 29th year (1601), Guiyang Prefecture was enlarged as Guiyang Forces and People Prefecture. In the 36th year (1618), Guiding County was separated from Xingui County, which was still subordinate to Guiyang Forces and People Prefecture. In the 4th year of Chongzhen Reign (1631), Guizhou Xuanweisi Department was abolished and its administrative Shuidong area was separated and subordinated to Kai Prefecture. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Guiyang Forces and People Prefecture had jurisdiction over Xingui County, Guiding County, Kai Prefecture (that is Kaiyang County at present), Guangshun Prefecture (that is Changshun County at present) and Dingfan Prefecture (that is Huishui County at present), and also administered 4 protocol departments of commanding official.

  In the 16th year of Shunzhi Reign of the Qing Dynasty (1659), Guizhou provincial governor stationed at Guiyang Forces and People Prefecture. In the 5th year of Kangxi Reign (1666), the governor of Yungui also stationed at Guiyang. In the 26th year (1687), Guizhou guard station and Guizhou forward guard station were abolished, and Guizhou County was set up which was in the same city of Xingui County, and the Guiyang Forces and People Prefecture was altered as Guiyang Prefecture. In the 34th year (1695), Xingui County was merged into Guizhu County. In the 14th year of Qianlong Reign (1749), Guiyang Prefecture administered Guiding County, Longli County, Xiuwen County, Kai Prefecture, Guangshun Prefecture and Changzhaiting (that is Changshun County at present). In the 7th year of Guangxu Reign (1881), Luohuting (that is Luodian County at present) was also subordinate to Guiyang Prefecture.

  In the 3rd year of the Republic of China (1914), Guiyang Prefecture was abolished and Guiyang County was set up. At that time, Guizhou was divided into 3 Routes, where Guiyang County was subordinated to Qianzhong Route (an administrative area). In order to make administration convenient, Guizhu County Office was stationed at Zhazuo and then transferred to Xifeng, named Xifeng County. In the 9th year (1920), the Qianzhong Route was abolished and Guiyang County was directly subordinated to Guizhou Provincial Prefecture. In the 25th year (1936), there were 8 administrative supervising districts subordinated to Guizhou Province, where Guiyang County was the first administrative supervising district. In the next year, Guiyang County was directly subordinated to the provincial government. On July 1, the 30th year (1941), Guiyang County was abolished and Guiyang City was set up. In addition, Guizhu County was stationed at Huaxi. From that time on, there was no any alteration until liberation.

  Guiyang City was liberated on November 15, 1949. Guiyang Municipal People’s Government was established on November 23. An the same time, Guiyang Special Zone was also set up, administering Guizhu, Xiuwen, Kaiyang, Xifeng, Huishui and Longli counties, and the administrative office was located at Guizhu County (Huaxi). In 1952, Guiyang Special Zone was abolished and Guiding Special Zone was set up.

  In 1954, Guizhu County was put under the administration of Guiyang City. In 1958, Guizhu County was abolished. In the suburb of Guiyang City, Huaxi and Wudang districts were set up. Approved by the State Council, Qingzhen, Xiuwen and Kaiyang counties of Anshun Special Zone as well as Huishui County of Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture were put under the administration of Guiyang City. In 1959, Baiyun Town was established which was equivalent to an administrative unit directly subordinate to Guiyang City. In 1963, Kaiyang County was put under Zunyi Prefectural Administrative Commissioner’s Office, Xiuwen and Qingzhen counties under Anshun Prefectural Commissioner’s Office, and Huishui County under Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture. In 1973, Baiyun District was re-established. In 1992, Qingzhen County was renamed Qingzhen City. Approved by the State Council, since January 1, 1996, Qingzhen City and Xiuwen, Xifeng, Kaiyang counties (that is, 1 city and 3 counties) were all put under the administration of Guiyang Municipality. In January 2000, Xiaohe District of Guiyang Municipality was established as approved by the State Council.

  【Administrative Divisions】

   

  In 2006, Guiyang was divided into 6 urban districts, one city, 3 counties, 1 high-tech industry development zone, 50 townships (including 19 ethnic townships), 30 towns, 38 subdistrict offices, 3 villagers’ committees, 1118 administrative villages and 437 neighborhood committees.

  Yunyan District administered 15 subdistrict offices, 1 town, 132 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Nanming District administered 15 subdistrict offices, 2 townships, 147 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Xioahe District administered 4 subdistrict offices, 3 villages, 32 neighborhood committees; Guiyang National High-tech Industry Development Zone administered 1 townships, 20 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Huangxi District administered 11 townships(including 7 ethnic townships),3 towns, 184 villagers’ committees; Wudang District administered 7 townships (including 2 ethnic townships), 5 towns, 2 subdistrict offices, 156 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Baiyun District administered  2 townships (both are ethnic townships), 3 towns, 4 subdistrict offices, 88 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Qingzhen City administered 6 townships ( including 3 ethnic townships), 4 towns, 1 subdistrict offices,372 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Xiuwen County administered 6 townships (including 1 ethnic township), 4 towns, 229 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Xifeng County administered 6 townships (including 1 ethnic township), 4 towns, 170 neighborhood (villagers’) committees; Kaiyang County administered 10 townships ( including 3 ethnic townships), 6 towns, 125 neighborhood (villagers’) committees.

  Zip code: 55000550004

  Area code: 0851

  Administrative districts:

  Under its jurisdiction, Guiyang has 6 urban districts (Yunyan District, Nanming District, Baiyun District, Wudang District, Huaxi District, Xiaohe District), one city (Qingzhen City), 3 counties (Xiuwen County, Kaiyang County, Xifeng County)

  【Population & Nationalities】

  

  Guiyang, capital city of Guizhou Province, is located in the center of the province. It is the political, economic, cultural and science center of the province. Guiyang administers six districts, one city and three counties, covering an area of 8034 square kilometers.  A variety of nationalities congregate in Guiyang. According to the fifth national census in 2000, there were 51 nationalities in Guiyan. A total population was 3,718,400, among which the population of minority nationalities was 573,900, accounting for 15.43% of the total population. Eleven native minorities reside in the city, namely, Miao, Bouyei, Tujia, Yi, Dong, Gelao, Bai, Hui, Man, Zhuang and Sui nationality. The minority nationalities mostly congregate in 18 nationality townships and 199 nationality-congregating-villages in non-nationality townships. The 18 nationality townships are as follows: Mengguan Miao and Bouyei Nationality Township in Huangxi District, Xiaobi Bouyei and Miao Nationality Township, Qiantao Bouyei and Miao Nationality Township, Maling Bouyei and Miao Nationality Township, Gaopo Miao Nationality Township, Huchao Miao and Bouyei Nationality Township in Huangxi District; Xinbao Bouyei Nationality Township, Pianpo Bouyei Nationality Township in Wudang District; Dula Bouyei Nationality Township and Niuchang Bouyei Nationality Township in Baiyun District; Hefeng Bouyei and Miao Nationality Township, Nanjiang Bouyei and Miao Nationality Township and Gaozhai Miao and Bouyei Nationality Township in Kaiyang County; Qingshan Miao Nationality Township in Xifeng County; Dashi Bouyei Nationality Township; Maige Miao and Bouyei Nationality Township, Wangzhuang Bouyei and Miao Nationality Township and Liuchang Miao Nationality Township in Qingzhen City.

 

 
 
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