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The fifth International Yangming Culture Festival host
2016-10-28   

  Xiuwen county in Guiyang will play host to the fifth International Yangming Culture Festival on Oct 29 and 30, in worship of Wang Yangming, a famous philosopher of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
  Wang’s philosophy stressed initiative consciousness and the practical application of knowledge and wisdom. According to the organizers, the participants will discuss the significances of Wang’s thoughts in moral teaching and his conduct in cultivating and promoting integrity.
  Jiang Zhilun, Party secretary of Xiuwen, said the government has been preparing for the festival since the beginning of the year. Tourist reception areas have been set up, as well as a raft of activities planned for the 112 guests from across the world who are confirmed to take part.
  About Wang Yangming Wang is regarded as a sage from Chinese history, together with the better known Confucius and Menci. He is responsible for notable achievements in philosophy, literature, military thought and education.Known as "Yangming Xiansheng", meaning "Master Yangming", he is widely regarded as the most important orthodox philosopher after Zhu Xi.
  Born into a scholarly family in Zhejiang province, he spent his childhood reading and gaining proficiency in the martial arts.
  Wang went to Beijing to attend school when he was 12. On his first day of school, he asked his teacher "what is the point of studying?" His teacher replied: "To pass the imperial examination." Wang, however, was not satisfied with his teacher's reply and said: "I think the point of studying is to become a sage."
  His road to wisdom was far from smooth, however. He twice failed the imperial examination, and when he finally passed it at the age of 28, he became a Ministry of Works official.
  Wang was hit by a critical event at the age of 35 when he defended a supervising censor who had been imprisoned for attacking a powerful, corrupt eunuch. As a result of his actions, he was beaten with 40 strokes, imprisoned for several months, and banished to remote Guizhou.
  During AD 1508, Wang arrived in Longchang, an ancient place near today's Guiyang in Guizhou province, where, despite encountering many hardships, including basic living conditions, which often failed to protect him from the elements, he began to formulate some of his most influential theories and principles. He also took the opportunity to deliver lectures to local people.
  One of Wang's principles, the doctrine of "the unity of knowing and acting", states that knowledge and action should be combined, and that one can only acquire knowledge through simultaneous action.
  The "knowledge" he speaks of in this principle refers to the knowledge that comes from heart rather than from external influences.
  Wang also developed the notion of "idea knowing", which states that every person is capable of discerning right from wrong from birth. He claimed that such knowledge is intuitive and not rational.
  His theory of benevolence, derived from Confucianism, says that as component parts of the world, every person should maintain close relationships with other people and be aware of their actions. Such revolutionary ideas were to inspire the philosophers, both domestic and foreign, that followed Wang over the following centuries.
  Wang became famous for his talents at a very young age. In his thirties, due to a disagreement with a eunuch, he was exiled to Xiuwen, 38 kilometers away from Guiyang. It was here that he set up his famous philosophy school.
  Wang's philosophy became popular among scholars, and Xiuwen county grew to be known by more people because of it. People still travel to the county today to visit the cave on Qixia Mountain where Wang developed his beliefs.
  To promote Wang's thoughts and to boost tourism, the local government is building a Yangming Culture Park at the foot of the mountain. A 15-meter-high statue of Wang has been erected at the entrance of the park, and it opened to the public on Oct 28.

 

 

 
 
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